Macro-economic Data

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A. Demography and Macroeconomy

A.1 Population
VariableEnd of 2017End of 2016End of 2015SourcesVar ID
Total population197.02 million193.2 million188.92 million
WDI
A.1.1
Total number of households32.2 million  
Ministry of Finance
A.1.2
Average household size6.456.316.5
Ministry of Finance
A.1.3
Urban population (% of total)39.7% of total39.22% of total38.76% of total
WDI
A.1.4
Urban population growth (annual %)3.16%3.19%3.23%
WDI
A.1.5
A.2 Economy
VariableEnd of 2017End of 2016End of 2015SourcesVar ID
GDP, current prices (U.S. dollars)303,993 USD (millions)284,185 USD (millions)271,050 USD (millions)
WEO
A.2.1
GDP based on PPP valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)1,056.99 USD (millions)986.26 USD (millions)931.85 USD (millions)
WEO
A.2.2
GDP per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)1,541.08 USD 1,440.97 USD 1,424.95 USD
WEO
A.2.3
GDP based on PPP per capita GDP (Current international dollar)5,358.35 USD 5,095.37 USD 4,907.83 USD
WEO
A.2.4
GDP, constant prices (Percent change)5.28%4.51%4.06%
WEO
A.2.5
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)3.93%3.19%3.16%
WEO
A.2.6
GDP, deflator (Index)272.40261.93258.13
WEO
A.2.7
Consumer price index156.91150.75145.28
WDI
A.2.8
GINI Index  30.02
WDI
A.2.9
Median national annual household income 340.39 USD 306.97 USD
Household Integrated Economic Survey
A.2.10
Median urban annual household income 432.22 USD/year385.44 USD/year
Household Integrated Economic Survey
A.2.11
Urban minimum wages per month in USD113.67 USD 133.63 USD 139 USD
Country Editor
A.2.12
Growth in urban household income (%/year)A.2.13
Nominal 7.86% 
Household Integrated Economic Survey
A.2.13.1
Real 4.6% 
Household Integrated Economic Survey
A.2.13.2
Employment (% of total laborforce)A.2.14
Self-employedNot availableNot available36.2%
 
A.2.14.1
Informally employed  72.6%
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS)
A.2.14.2
Unemployed6%5.9%5.9%
Country Editor
A.2.14.3
Interest Rates:A.2.15
Central bank lending/discount rate6.25%6.25%6.5%
IFS
A.2.15.1
Yield on 3 months treasury bills6%5.99%7.12%
IFS
A.2.15.2
Yield on 10-year Government bond6.39%6.32%7.72%
IFS
A.2.15.3
Average bank deposit rate4.48%4.83%5.97%
IFS
A.2.15.4
Lending rate8.21%8.76%13.5%
Country Editor
A.2.15.5
B. Housing Market
B.1 Housing Stock: Production, Transactions
VariableEnd of 2017End of 2016End of 2015SourcesVar ID
Number of dwelling units:B.1.1
Total  19.21 million
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
B.1.1.1
Total Urban  6.03 million
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
B.1.1.2
Characteristics of housing stock:B.1.3
Average dwelling unit size-existing  91 sq.mt
Country Editor
B.1.3.1
% of substandard dwelling units  25.52% of total
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
B.1.3.2
Tenure in urban areas (%):B.1.4
Owner-occupied units  73.67% of total
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
B.1.4.1
Private rental units  17.94% of total
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
B.1.4.3
Public / social rental units  8.39% of total
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
B.1.4.4
Other forms of tenure   5.62% of total
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS)
B.1.4.5
% of urban units with state recognized lienable title  100% of total
Country Editor
B.1.4.6
Estimated Number of units completed/yearB.1.5
Formal sector/registered  91,398 units
State Bank of Pakistan - Housing Finance Review 2005-2011
B.1.5.1
Informal sector/non-registered  Not available
Country Editor
B.1.5.2
Number of recorded urban housing transactions/year  91398
State Bank of Pakistan - Housing Finance Review 2005-2011
B.1.6
How complete is this measure for formal sector transactions?  Fairly Complete
Country Editor
B.1.7
B.2 Housing Prices and Cost for Urban Areas or Capital City
VariableEnd of 2017End of 2016End of 2015SourcesVar ID
Median urban house price in USD:B.2.1
Median house price to median annual HH income:B.2.2
Annual average % change in median house prices:B.2.3
M2 construction cost for median quality houseB.2.4


back to top | Country Data:
Notes: (The dollar figures are given in the Review)
Notes: (The dollar figures are given in the Review)
Notes: (The dollar figures are given in the Review)
Notes: (The dollar figures are given in the Review)
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: House Building Finance Company Limited (HBFL) and Development finance institutions (DFIs)
Notes: House Building Finance Company Limited (HBFL) and Development finance institutions (DFIs)
Notes: House Building Finance Company Limited (HBFL) and Development finance institutions (DFIs)
Notes: National Bank of pakistan, The bank of punjab, Sindh bank, bank of khyber
Notes: # of borrowers
Notes: (The dollar figures are given in the Review)
Notes: 10+
Notes: 10+
Notes: 10+
Notes: 10+
Notes: 10+
Notes: 14000 per month as per the notification from the govt of punjab under min wages ordinance 1961
Notes: 15000/month under New Labor Policy 2018
Notes: 25 banks including private, public and specialized banks. Other institute includes HBFCl
Notes: 5 to 7%
Notes: 5 to 7%
Notes: 5 to 7%
Notes: 5 to 7%
Notes: 70-80%
Notes: 70-80%
Notes: 70-80%
Notes: 70-80%
Notes: 70-80%
Notes: Administrative in terms of weak property rights and proving ownership on legal grounds
Notes: Amortized PMT should not exceed 50% of the net disposable income of the prospective borrowers
Notes: Apart from interest deductible from income tax, there is no subsidy on home mortgage
Notes: Apna bank is a private commercial microfinance bank and many other.
Notes: Article 24
Notes: As defined in the Housing finance prudential regulations, which equals 85, with haircut of 15%
Notes: as per HIES REPORT using sampling methodology.
Notes: As per sec 231AA advance tax is to be paid for any sum transferred from bank. In case of mortgage this advance tax is collected by the bank.
Notes: As per sec 28 deduction is allowed for any lease rental payment paid to financial institution. However no other tax is paid.
Notes: As per the House Finance Prudential Regulation
Notes: Average Monthly Household Income
Notes: Average Monthly Income
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Base Year = 2010
Notes: Borrowing stands at being secondary source. For HBL borrowing as % of asset are .13 & .141 for FY 16 & 15 respectively, Whereas for UBL it is .123 & .1105 repectively. For HBFCL it primary source was credit line from SBP which was later on converted to shareholder equity. http://pmrc.com.pk/about/overview/
Notes: Capital Gain tax on disposal of immovable property as per division 8 of part 1 of schedule 1
Notes: Commercial Banks
Notes: Commercial Banks
Notes: Commercial Banks
Notes: Commercial Banks
Notes: Commercial Banks
Notes: Commercial Banks
Notes: Commercial Banks
Notes: Covered Mortgage bonds are issued by only one institution, the only housing finance institution of country, HBFCL, which are still within their tenure.
Notes: Covered Mortgage bonds are issued by only one institution, the only housing finance institution of country, HBFCL, which are still within their tenure.
Notes: Covered Mortgage bonds are issued by only one institution, the only housing finance institution of country, HBFCL, which are still within their tenure.
Notes: Covered Mortgage bonds are issued by only one institution, the only housing finance institution of country, HBFCL, which are still within their tenure.
Notes: Covered Mortgage bonds are issued by only one institution, the only housing finance institution of country, HBFCL, which are still within their tenure.
Notes: Covered Mortgage bonds are issued by only one institution, the only housing finance institution of country, HBFCL, which are still within their tenure.
Notes: Covered Mortgage bonds are issued by only one institution, the only housing finance institution of country, HBFCL, which are still within their tenure.
Notes: Debt burden ratio Amortized PMT should not exceed 50% of the net disposable income of the prospective borrowers
Notes: Deposit has been the primary source of funding for the banks as evident from the fact; for HBL deposit is 75% and 73% in FY 16 & 15 respectively as % of total asset, while for UBL deposit as % were 74.09% and 75.35%. However in case of HBFCL the primary source is credit line from SBP
Notes: Division 8 of first schedule-part 1 tax rate on capital gain of immovable property.
Notes: Division X part 4 of first schedule. This is advance tax
Notes: Due to manual records it takes time for verification of title deed and legal status. Again there is a lengthy process of advertisement and documentation. Lastly bureaucratic inefficiency plays a key role in delaying the entire process
Notes: Due to stringent reules and regulations of SBP all banks and FDI use in house department for loan servicing as being cautionary for compliance.
Notes: exemption on mortgage income is in the pipeline yet it has not been finalized. http://fp.brecorder.com/2017/04/20170419170036/
Notes: HBFCL
Notes: HBFCL has a total share of 23% in the entire portfolio of housing finance.
Notes: HBFCL was given line of credit from SBP for an amount of 11242.3 mill which was secured against certificate by the company that are guaranteed by the GOP.But it is important to note that the company is owned by SBP and is it's subsidiary. Other than that there are no subsidized funding
Notes: House Building Finance Company Limited (HBFL) and Development finance institutions (DFIs)
Notes: House Building Finance Company Limited (HBFL) and Development finance institutions (DFIs)
Notes: House Building Finance Company Limited (HBFL) and Development finance institutions (DFIs)
Notes: House Building Finance Company Limited (HBFL) and Development finance institutions (DFIs)
Notes: Houses with free rent and subsidized rent are considered as public/social rental units.
Notes: Houses with free rent and subsidized rent are considered as public/social rental units.
Notes: Housing finance cannot exceed a tenure of 25Yrs
Notes: Housing finance prudential regulation impose many restriction on the lender e.g for solar energy renovation financing can be extend to 10 years.
Notes: In order to remain compliant with the SBP rules and regulation, all banks and FDIs have to generate credit report before any consumer financing and maintain that report for the purpose of documentation.
Notes: In pakistan potwari is incharge of creation of lien as well as maintaining records. With the emergence of mortgage from financial institution, these institution are well established and strong enough to enforce lien on property yet legal framwork is too weak, often leading to long legal case time before any decision is being made. This is why banks prefer to advance loan in developed urban areas rather than areas governed by systems of potwari.
Notes: It is defined as debt burden ratio which states that amortized PMT including all other financing PMT should not exceed 50% of net disposable income of the prospective.
Notes: July 2012 to June 2013
Notes: July 2012 to June 2013
Notes: July 2013 to June 2014
Notes: July 2013 to June 2014
Notes: July 2014 to June 2015
Notes: July 2014 to June 2015
Notes: July 2017 to June 2018
Notes: July 2017 to June 2018
Notes: Mortgage loan / total private credit outstanding at the end of year-SBP
Notes: Mortgage loan / total private credit outstanding at the end of year-SBP
Notes: National Percentage
Notes: National Percentage
Notes: National Percentage
Notes: National Percentage
Notes: No data on # of loans
Notes: No such subsidy to the lending side exist yet, although it has been proposed to exempt income from mortgage from tax as an incentive yet has not been approved.
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 22.54 million dwelling units
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 22.54 million dwelling units
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 22.54 million dwelling units
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 22.54 million dwelling units
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 8.03 million dwelling units
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 8.03 million dwelling units
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 8.03 million dwelling units
Notes: Only 2007 numbers available: 8.03 million dwelling units
Notes: Only members of CIB can obtain credit data. The credit data is defined confidential as per sec 29 of Credit bureau act.
Notes: Pg 22 of HIES. Given average monthly household income for 13-14 and 15-16
Notes: Previously it was a common practice to use third party in servicing loans specially recovery but recently SBP has established stringent rules and guidelines for debt servicing due to which all banks now have in house department for this purpose.
Notes: Refers to average LTVs of all banks, DFIs, and HBFCL
Notes: Refers to average LTVs of all banks, DFIs, and HBFCL
Notes: Refers to houses built with wood/bamboo roofs
Notes: Refers to houses built with wood/bamboo roofs
Notes: Section 28
Notes: Share of HBFCL in gross loan amount outstanding.
Notes: State Bank regulates the underwriting rules.
Notes: Such institutions do not provide house financing facilities
Notes: Tax exemption on reit, allowable expenses
Notes: The outstanding house financing of microfinance bank stood at RS 176.78 mil. Apna ghar is a non-collateralized mortgage loan offered by apna bank.
Notes: There are many microfinance ngos working in pakistan. One example is akhuwat which provide house financing.
Notes: there is tax on rental income from property as per sec 15. Other than that there is no wealth tax or any other tax on holding property unless sold
Notes: there is tax on rental income from property as per sec 15. Other than that there is no wealth tax or any other tax on holding property unless sold where tax on capital gain applies
Notes: This differs from banks to banks as per their policy.
Notes: This is average lending rates of all banks as calculated from SBP data
Notes: This is difference b/w Average deposit rate and Average Mortgage lending rate
Notes: This is Mortgage made during the year divided by all private sector credit outstanding at the end of the year 2015
Notes: This is size of low-cost housing. Country-wide average size is not available.
Notes: This is size of low-cost housing. Country-wide average size is not available.
Notes: This is size of low-cost housing. Country-wide average size is not available.
Notes: This is size of low-cost housing. Country-wide average size is not available.
Notes: This is size of low-cost housing. Country-wide average size is not available.
Notes: This is taken from the WDI database and it is the time to register a property.
Notes: This percentage amount includes public banks, private banks and Islamic banks. (excluding HBFCL)
Notes: To convert household income from nominal to real term GDP deflator of respective year is being used
Notes: Yes credit information bureau , established by SBP to collect and maintain credit data. However there are also 4 privately owned credit bureaus.